How I passed 70-573

Today I sat and passed exam 70-573 – TS: Microsoft SharePoint 2010, Application Development. That means I now officially have the certifications of MCTS: SharePoint 2010, Application Development and MCPD: SharePoint Developer 2010. It may seem a little strange that I did the exams in the wrong order, but there was a method to the madness. Primarily it was to do with the requirement of attaining gold partnership with Microsoft which required the PRO exams to be completed – hence that took priority.

The difference in difficulty between the two developer exams was quite significant – but I guess that’s to be expected. There seemed to be far less ‘gotchya’ questions that needed a sharp eye to weed out the incorrect answers, and more that you just knew. I still ended up putting in a fair amount of study – probably half as much as I did for the 576 exam – but in hindsight I don’t think I even needed that much. Still, the main benefit you get from sitting these exams is solidifying the knowledge you already have and increasing your breadth of knowledge via the study required to pass.

This post will be shorter than my previous one simply because I used less resources. If you want a wider selection of materials you can use to study to pass both exams (including hands-on labs and tutorials) then take a look at my post How I passed 70-576.

Due to the success I had with my previous study method I decided to take the same approach. This involved tracking down a site which would conveniently link me off to all the various MSDN and TechNet resources I would need to read to study each individual element of the exam. It didn’t take long to find one – a quick search for 70-573 delivers you to Becky Bertram’s post SharePoint Exam 70-573 Study Guide with the second result, which was exactly what I was after. While some of the topics linked off to even more, and some of the content could be considered overkill for this exam, it was still a valuable process to undertake.

The second part to my study was re-viewing the exam-cram video series by Ted Pattison and I can’t stress enough how helpful that was. It surprised me a little sitting the exam immediately after watching the 3 parts of the series that were relevant to 70-573 – he literally hands you the answers to a bunch of questions in the exam. In case you don’t feel the need to view my 70-576 post here are the relevant links you’ll need:

Cram Session Part 1
Cram Session Part 2
Cram Session Part 3

And that pretty much sums it up. I’ve been back in the MOSS world for a while now at my current client with minimal exposure to 2010 but still had no troubles with this exam. If you’ve had a bit of experience with 2010, have learnt a bit about the new development features and done a little bit of study on the topics being covered, you should have no troubles at all passing this one.

Once again, Good luck!

Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 3

In Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 1 of this series I looked at the implications content, naming, metadata and structure of your SharePoint site can have on search rankings. Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 2 focussed more on how content can be manipulated to improve search rankings and other factors that can be leveraged from within SharePoint. This article will take a step outside the SharePoint box into how you can boost rankings and traffic to your SharePoint site using other methods.

Link Back to your Site

Along with creating quality key-phrase rich content to be indexed, having a solid link building strategy is a major factor in terms of search engine optimisation. A link strategy should emphasise quality over quantity. It should be broad and diverse. It’s important to note that value is gained both by linking out to other high-value related sites and especially by having those sites linking back to your page. As far as SharePoint is concerned, this theory is fairly independent of the platform. Due to SharePoint’s nature however and the limitations which exist when optimising a SharePoint site for search engines, the traffic generated by backlinks should be as strongly valued as the SEO benefits gained. You need to think outside of the box when approaching this strategy. Often, having other pages linking back to you is largely out of your control, however other areas are well within it. Ensure your site or pages are listed in all relevant directories. If it makes sense to do so, ensure your location exists in Google Maps and link back to your site from there. Consider creating other content-rich sites such as specific (clean-cut HTML rather than SharePoint) search engine optimised sites or blogs to link back to your site. It’s also important that the phrases used to hyperlink back match that which you are optimising for, similar to the advice given in the section above.

Don’t Ignore Social Media as part of an SEO Strategy

Social Media is another area where you can gain an increase of traffic and some SEO benefits for your SharePoint site, although the concept is removed from the platform. Facebook, Twitter, Linked In – any relevant social media site should be harnessed to both link back to your site and drive traffic to it. The benefits of the latter probably outweigh the former – I’m not entirely sure that any SEO benefit is gained from having your links on these sites. Google+ however could be considered one social media platform that can be harnessed for the purposes of SEO as identified in Christian Del Monte’s post Google+ Plus SEO Benefits- Tips To Make It Work For You.

Create a Specific Mobile Site

Aside from being good practice to cater for the ever-increasing mobile device visitors to your site, it’s been noticed that the results returned from within search engines on mobile devices may be tailored to that device. This seems to be an area of contention – reading Ryan Jones’ article Mobile SEO is a Myth would lead you to believe it’s not important however Bryson Meunier’s How To Best Optimize Your Mobile Site For SEO argues it is worthwhile, and seeing Google is Introducing smartphone Googlebot-Mobile, it’s not something I’d want to discount.

Consider Paid Search Marketing

This is another debatable topic. It depends more so on the site in question and it’s purpose. It really only makes sense to use for a commercial site in my opinion. If your site is selling something and you can target a paid advertisement it is likely to be clicked. If you’re peddling information and you show up as a paid advertisement you’re unlikely to get the same response. For the benefits of paid search marketing have a read of the Top 10 Reasons to Use Paid Search Marketing by Vinny Labarbera. It may not have a lot to do with SEO, but its a method which can be leveraged to drive visitors to your site, especially if the site is new and not appearing in many organic search results.

Ensure you Submit your Site to ALL Main Search Engines

It should go without saying, yet a number of sites will only target the large search engines such as Google, Bing and Yahoo and forget about the others. A quick search for Search Engine Market Share at the time this article was written showed that search engines other than these big 3 had 12.2% of the market share. Granted the majority of that is a Chinese based search engine which would leave less than 1% market share but with over 2.2 billion internet users worldwide, you’d be discounting over 20 million potential visitors to your site. The logic may be flawed, but personally I think it’s not worth the risk – submit your site where ever a potential visitor may see it.

Use all the Tools at your Disposal

There are a tonne of free tools and sources of information available on the web to assist in optimising your site for search rankings. One such tool is the IIS SEO toolkit. Other resources include the infinite number of SEO specialisation sites and blogs available free of charge to garner a wealth of information from. By keeping track of the changes and trends in search engine optimisation you’ll always be one step ahead of the competition.

Monitor how Visitors are Reaching your Site

It’s important that SEO is not considered a one-time event. It should be an ever-evolving function of your site and needs to change with the times. One way to identify what works and what doesn’t is to use analytics on your site to determine how users are finding your site, where they’re coming from, what search terms they’re using and how they end up navigating around your site. The more information you have at your disposal to influence the direction of your SEO campaign the more likely it will be a success.

Returning Visitors are just as Important as New Ones

The final point I wish to make in this ‘outside the box’ look into SEO for SharePoint is a simple one. It’s one thing being able to attract visitors to your site in the first place, but of little worth if they fail to stay on the site or ever return to it. The user experience of the site is just as important as the quality of the SEO or campaign that drew them there in the first place and should not be lost in the quest for search ranking supremecy.

Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 2

In Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 1 of this series I looked at the implications content, naming, metadata and structure of your SharePoint site can have on search rankings. This part of the series will focus more on how content can be manipulated to improve search rankings and other factors that can be leveraged from within SharePoint. Finally, Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 3 will take a step outside the SharePoint box into how you can boost rankings and traffic to your SharePoint site using other methods.

Optimise the Load Time of your Pages

This one works on a couple of levels. Firstly, there is some benefit in terms of SEO for faster loading pages. Take a read of Geoff Kenyon’s article Site Speed – Are You Fast? Does it Matter for SEO?. The reality however is that it isn’t a huge factor. More importantly though is that the time it takes to load your pages has a huge impact on bounce rates and visitors wanting to return to your site, and for that reason it is a critical task to undertake. SharePoint, especially MOSS 2007, doesn’t have the fastest load times therefore anything you can do to reduce the load time of your pages is paramount. I intend on writing a post on this in the future so i’ll leave it at that for now, but it’s definitely something to keep in mind when creating your site.

Maximise your Content to Markup Ratio

There’s a number of articles available discussing the importance (or lack thereof) of maximising your content to markup ratio. Whether you believe it’s a factor or not is largely irrelevant – there are a number of benefits to gain from minimising the amount of markup on a page for both performance and structural reasons. It’s also important to ensure the text content appears as high on the page as possible and this can be affected by manipulating the markup structure of the page. SharePoint is notoriously bad in this regard. Improvements were made from MOSS 2007 to SharePoint 2010 but it’s still not perfectly clean HTML. There are things you can do to improve the situation – using controls instead of webparts in MOSS will minimise the number of tables used on the page. Control Adapters can be used to manipulate the HTML rendered by controls. You can ensure your Master Pages and Page Layouts structure content higher on the page and adjust their location using custom CSS. Often a lot of effort is required when focussing on this SEO technique so unless it’s of critical importance sometimes it’s best to do whatever you can and just live with the rest.

Optimise your Images and Anchor tags

Images and anchor tags are 2 elements within the page content that can be slightly adjusted to provide an extra SEO boost. Images provide the benefit of also being indexed in the Google Images search engine which can provide extra traffic. ALT text is essential when optimising an image. It should be short, sharp, relevant and if possible keyword-rich. File names can also provide some extra juice and should be similar to the ALT text and hyphen-delimited. The Title attribute is unlikely to hold much weight but it can’t hurt and should match the ALT text. Anchor tags are another which can make use of the Title attribute. The other important aspect of anchor tags, particularly intra-site linking which you have control over, is to ensure the text which is hyperlinked is descriptive and keyword rich – preferably matching the key phrase that the page is optimising. In terms of SharePoint there are 2 features you can utilise to reap the rewards – the ALT text field for images and the Tooltip field for hyperlinks. If you want to utilise the Title of an image you’ll need to delve into the code-behind which may not be worth the effort.

Use 301 redirects over 302

As I mentioned in my post 301 vs 302 Redirects in SharePoint there are a number of reasons why 301 redirects are preferred to 302 from an SEO perspective. Rather than going over everything again I’d encourgage you to read through that post and the associated links to understand the benefits and potential solutions around it. It’s significant in a SharePoint context because when accessing a site by its URL directly rather than the specific page URL, a 302 redirect is used to take you to the Welcome Page. The Redirect Page layout in SharePoint also uses 302 redirects.

Don’t Destroy Old Content

No matter how old a page, article or news item is, it still has the ability to appear in the search results and drive people to your site. In fact, the age of a site often has a positive affect on its ranking. Why would anyone want to simply discard all the effort that went into optimising the page in the first place because it was deemed somewhat out of date? Archives are a great and suitable alternative which maintain the content online and hence the rankings of the page. SharePoint makes this quite easy to do – simply filter a Content Query Web Part to return all out of date pages on an ‘Archive’ page and you’re set. The process can either be automated by scheduling an end date for the page, or by manually configuring a custom column of the page. You could also move it into an ‘Archived’ sub-site, however if this option is chosen, keep in mind the redirect that will be required and the fact that will be a 302 redirect by default.

Avoid Flash and Silverlight if you can

It’s common knowledge that using Flash or Silverlight on a website in place of indexable content is a search ranking destroyer. Flash has made SEO improvements to the format but this is still only limited. With HTML5, CSS3 and jQuery taking off and able to achieve a lot of the rich interactive functionality provided by Flash and Silverlight, you’d have to question the use of it on your search engine optimised site. This goes for SharePoint as much as any other platform – leveraging the jQuery library in SharePoint in particular is easy to do and leaves the site more SEO friendly than a Flash or Silverlight equivalent.

Create an XML Sitemap Automatically

I’m not sold on the benefits of XML Sitemaps to be perfectly honest. I tend to agree with an article written by Matt McGee titled XML Sitemaps: The Most Overrated SEO Tactic Ever in that all an XML Sitemap is really doing is masking and potentially even causing problems. There are many more however that argue the opposite, such as Bruce Clay’s XML Sitemaps in SEO – Part 1. If you’re going to go down the XML Sitemap path, and i’m not going to categorically say it’s something you shouldn’t do, I’d suggest that you ensure that it is constructed automatically so it is completely up to date. In SharePoint one way this can be achieved is via Waldek’s Imtech XML Sitemap or Mavention XML Sitemap for 2010.

Include a Robots.txt File

Having a Robots.txt file for your site is not so much about improving the rankings of pages in your site but more about ensuring pages you don’t want appearing in search results aren’t indexed. For more information about Robots.txt have a read of Robots.txt: All you need to know. This is particularly important for SharePoint because often there are a number of pages you simply wouldn’t want indexed – list views and the like – which can sometimes end up being crawled. I’d definitely suggest including this file for your SharePoint site as part of your overall SEO strategy.

Structure your Content with Heading Tags

Using header tags (H1 through to H6) to structure content is another tool at your disposal to infer importance on particular terms and phrases. Header tags are easily applied in SharePoint via the content editor so its important to stress 2 main concepts. Firstly – use them only for the keywords or phrases. Too often heading tags are used unnecessarily throughout the page or on sub-headings which really convey no SEO benefit to the page. Secondly – use them for the keywords and phrases rather than styling DIVs or SPANs to achieve the same visual effect – it’s the tag which is recognised, not the size of the text on the page. You can have the desired visual effect on the page by using heading tags where appropriate and styling other text with CSS if the term or phrase is not a targeted keyword for the page.

Externalise your JavaScript

This one ties in to maximising your content to markup ratio – the less text on the page with no SEO benefit the better. There are also performance trade-offs however – you don’t want to be creating a bunch of extra page requests to pull down each individual JS file that contains your page’s code. There are also development implications – sometimes it’s easier to code the relevant JavaScript directly within a control rather than having to find it and work on it seperately. Ultimately it comes down to what is more important to you. In a SharePoint context i’d recommend using one file to hold all JavaScript functions that will need to be called from various pages, reference it via the SharePoint:ScriptLink control and make the call to the function from within your control. This minimises the amount of JavaScript text on the page and minimises the page requests.

Add ‘Strength’ to Keywords

This one I think would be extremely minor if it has any influence at all – but I guess you never want to miss an opportunity so it’s something worth discussing. Take a read of Traian Neacsu’s article Bold or Strong Tag and SEO – Complete HTML Reference Guide for SEO for more information on the topic. The main take away is that styling via CSS won’t have any affect, while bolding keywords with the STRONG element may be recognised. It’s something worth considering anyway.

In Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 3 of this series I’ll take a step outside the SharePoint box into how you can boost the rankings and traffic to your SharePoint site using other methods.

Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 1

Search Engine Optimisation is a topic that i’ve always had a keen interest in. One of my first if not fleeting jobs fresh out of University was at an SEO company, albiet in a sales-based role. It still gave me an insight into something considered somewhere between an exact science and black magic and immediately peaked my interest. Since then i’ve read numerous articles on the subject, provided advice to friends, worked on projects both as the lead consultant and as the implementer for SEO consulting agencies’ recommendations. Not all have been for SharePoint sites, however the concepts applied are often not SharePoint specific. The information available on the web is extensive – it surprises me how SEO companies even manage to exist when the information is so freely available.

When deciding how to differentiate this article from the masses i’ve leant towards applying the concepts with a SharePoint flavour. I by no means claim to be an expert on the subject – merely a keen follower. I won’t claim that everything on here is correct. I may suggest something that has no positive effect on your search rankings whatsoever. In general though, i’ve noticed that applying the majority of these techniques have had a positive affect to the rankings of the sites, so there must be some truth to them.

Part 1 of this series will focus on what you can do in regards to the content, naming, metadata and structure of your SharePoint site. Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 2 will delve a little deeper into how content can be manipulated to improve search rankings and other factors that can be leveraged from within SharePoint. Finally, Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 3 will take a step outside the SharePoint box into how you can boost rankings and traffic to your SharePoint site using other methods.

Before I get started I just want to clarify one thing. This article series doesn’t touch on perhaps one of the most important factors in regards to search engine optimisation for a site – the initial research required before any of these steps are even considered. One must know the keywords and phrases that are going to be targeted before they actually can be, and this should be carefully deduced via research into the types of natural language searches your target audience are doing and the competition those terms and phrases have to optimise against. It’s something that definitely needs consideration before you start. But for now, on to the implementation.

Content is King

I love this saying. I’ve heard and read it hundreds of times. It’s a great way to describe how content is key to attracting and keeping visitors returning to your site. It’s also spawned a bunch of posts playing devils advocate such as Derek Halpern’s The ‘Content is King’ Myth Debunked. In a purely SEO sense however, the saying rings true. Content is the most critical element to improving site rankings. The more quality content that exists on the site, the more pages that will rank highly for different search terms and phrases. This isn’t exactly tailored towards SharePoint, however it is too critical to leave out. Content should be keyword and phrase rich – especially in the first and last paragraphs. Each page on your site should target something different – it is easier to optimise for one specific phrase rather than multiples which just leaves you with conflicting goals and spreads the optimisation power too thin. Take a look at the Infographic / Why Content for SEO? and read the links by Google engineer Matt Cutts and Bing’s Duane Forrester if you’re left with any doubt.

Page Titles are Important

Not only are page titles valuable from an SEO perspective, but they’re also what’s used when identifying the pages within the search engines and therefore serve a dual purpose. Not only is it important to use keyword-rich titles, but they need to be visually engaging to invite the user to want to click the link. From a strictly SEO perspective, page titles should begin and perhaps end with a key phrase, and be 6-12 words long. From a visual sense they should attract attention and interest and be no more than 67 characters to prevent Google chopping them short. Page titles should be unique and relevant to both the page content and phrase being targetted. SharePoint already contains the Title column for pages – your master page should contain a ContentPlaceHolder for the title and each page layout should render the page’s title via the SharePointWebControls:FieldValue control. It’s important to ensure the titles are set with optimisation in mind.

Set Page Description and Keywords Metadata

The general consensus is that meta keywords no longer play a part in SEO. Whether the meta description does or not seems to be debated – most sources suggest it is important, however Jill Whalen argues they may not affect your page’s ranking in The Meta Description Tag. My opinion on both is that it can’t hurt. Description is also important for other reasons – it is often the call out text used in either search results or other situations including extended site links or social media links such as when you type a link into facebook. It therefore, like the title, not only needs to be keyword or phrase rich but inviting and attracting to the target audience. The strategy i’d use here is to use the Description page column for both the meta description and keywords and use the same technique identified above for the page title (take note that the internal name of the Description column is actually Comments). It appears Office 365 makes this even easier via Add keyword meta tags to pages to improve search and it is believed SharePoint vNext will do the same. A little side note for the metadata specified above – it should be well structured in the head element of the page and appear towards the top of the page – before any other metadata, script or CSS references.

Name your Pages Appropriately

Page names are another way you can add weight to your page for a given search term or phrase. The important take-away from a SharePoint perspective here is to not rely on the default. The page name is generally auto-populated depending on the Title entered and essentially concatenates the words together. Some authors will modify this title, but do so either by using CamelCase or underscores to seperate the individual words. Neither are ideal from an SEO perspective. Search engines read both as one big word, however read hyphens as a sentence, thus it is important to name your pages accordingly. This can either be done manually or by using a feature developed by Waldek Mastykarz highlighted on Optimize Publishing Pages for search engines using the Imtech SharePoint SEO Slugs Feature.

Directory Structure and Naming Deserves Attention

Directory structure can assist as an optimisation tool. Take a look at Stoney deGeyter’s How to Create a Directory Structure Search Engines Rock To. In my opinion, having a solid structure driven by information architecture requirements is more important than the potential SEO benefits that could be gained – however if it’s possible to consider both then it’s worth doing. One thing to keep in mind is that the further down the chain a page is, the less weighting it will have in a search sense and the harder it will be to find. Keeping SharePoint in mind, there are 2 things to consider here. Firstly, it’s too easy to just spawn multiple sub-site chains when trying to seperate content – this may be done for no logical structural reasons, rather to seperate lists or functionality into different sub-sites – this should be avoided. The other issue from a SharePoint perspective is the frustrating ‘Pages’ directory. This obviously serves no SEO benefit, it in fact acts as a hinderance. There are potential ways around this – Waldek’s Semantic URL’s in MOSS 2007 is one of them, others involve virtual directories and redirects, URL-rewriting components or HTTP handlers. Waldek also has a solution for IIS7 in his Friendly URLs for SharePoint post however it is unsupported and only works in particular scenarios. To be honest, I don’t really like any of the options and for now would just cop the hit. I’m hopeful that SharePoint vNext makes this easier to get around, perhaps leveraging off the URL Routing in ASP.NET 4 functionality. It is believed that SharePoint vNext will provide some form of friendly URLs which would be a welcomed addition.

Your Domain Name Counts

Domain names are an essential component of optimising a site. Often these are forgotten due to the desire of a lot of companies or organisations to use their brand name as their domain name. Unfortunately, this isn’t hugely desirable when trying to optimise a site. It’s no coincidence that when you search for a number of search terms, many of the top results will have included it in their domain name. Many would assume that it’s a trade off, either use the brand name or choose a search-optimised domain name, however as Ian McNeice identifies in his book Step by Step SEO: Search Engine Optimisation for SharePoint Internet Sites (a read I highly recommend) this doesn’t need to be the case. This isn’t entirely in my realm of expertise so I won’t try and explain in detail how to achieve it, but SharePoint does provide Alternate Access Mappings to handle that side of multiple addresses so that would play a part in the process. Another little-considered factor in choosing a domain name for SEO purposes is the domain extension. It’s widely believed that the main domain extensions such as .com, .net etc carry more weight. I also believe however that if you are targetting a particular country for your audience then you’re better off using the domain extension for that country, for example for Australia.

In Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for SharePoint Sites – Part 2 of this series I’ll delve a little deeper into how content can be manipulated to improve search rankings and other factors that can be leveraged from within SharePoint.

Anti-aliased fonts, Rounded Corners in IE and the Implications for SharePoint

That’s one mouthful of a title. I’ve lately been revisiting the Career Centre website and thought this one would be worthy of a post. It works on two fronts; firstly as an introduction to a couple of useful libraries which can add that extra bit of flavour to your websites and secondly as a warning or solution to a strange issue they cause in SharePoint. I haven’t tested them in SP2010 as yet so for now I can only describe the issue as I’ve seen it, in MOSS 2007.

Anti-aliased fonts

One of my pet hates when creating public facing sites from image files provided by a design company has always been fonts. It has always seemed a case of having to revert to an uglier looking font on the page or using an image sliced from the design. The problem is to do with the anti-aliasing effect image software such as Photoshop applies to the fonts in the image which isn’t replicated when using the font in a web browser. The image below outlines the difference.

Another limitation of browser-based fonts is being limited to that which is installed on the client machine. It’s all good and well defining your font to be a custom masterpiece and viewing it on your own desktop, however your regular punter who encounters your site will not witness the same experience.

Enter Cufon – a font generator and JavaScript rendering engine which will allow you to display the text within the browser how it was meant to be seen. Below is an example of the navigation on the Career Centre site; before and after Cufon.

The code to achieve this effect is pretty easy, something along the lines of:

<script type="text/javascript" src="cufon-yui.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="my.font.js"></script>

<script type="text/javascript">

I’m undecided if I really like the concept. I’m more of a purist and not sure if I like the performance hit and reliance on JavaScript – however you can’t argue with the results. Visually, it’s impressive.

Rounded corners in IE

Another feature which is harnessed across the Career Centre website is rounded corners driven by CSS. Previously if this had needed to be achieved I would have expected to have to use rounded corner images or an image background. These days with the advancement in browsers it can largely be achieved via CSS.

The newer versions of the major browsers all implement the border-radius tag to achieve this. Note however that IE9 needs the following meta tag to be included:

<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">

Older versions of FireFox, Chrome, Safari and Opera used proprietary prefixes like the ones below to achieve the same effect.

-moz-border-radius: 9px;
-webkit-border-radius: 9px;
-o-border-radius: 9px;

As usual however, older versions of IE fail to play nicely. This is where PIE comes in to play. PIE stands for Progressive Internet Explorer and assists in implementing CSS3 features for older versions of IE. There is a JavaScript version, however the version used for the Career Centre is an .htc file and CSS definitions which look like that represented below:

behavior: url(/_layouts/myfolder/;

This is another feature that i’m yet to be sold on – again there is an obvious trade-off between performance and visual excellence. To read a little further on this topic check out Jamy Golden’s post on IE and rounded corners.

Implications for SharePoint

So where does SharePoint come into this you ask? I’ve recently been investigating an issue related to a popup message that comes up every time you click into the editing zones in IE – “One or more URLs were not valid and have been reformatted. Review the links before leaving this page.” as seen below.

It was even more strange considering there was no content in the editing zone. My first cynical instinct was to blame the new foreign features that had been introduced to the site and ironically enough that was precisely the case. Turns out that if I removed the offending JavaScript calls to Cufon and behavior attributes in the CSS file, the message wouldn’t appear.

So is the choice a visually impressive public facing website or an interrupted editing experience? Not exactly. The trick here is to make use of SharePoint’s EditModePanel control.

<PublishingWebControls:EditModePanel runat="server" PageDisplayMode="Edit">

By enclosing the offending JavaScript calls in the EditModePanel and seperating the behavior attributes into a seperate CSS file and referencing that in the control, you can manage to get the best of both worlds.

One last thing that needs to be considered regarding SharePoint and these features is that if you’re using

<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">

as pointed out earlier and want to edit content in IE8 standards mode, it’s quite possible you might run into problems – we did anyway. You can read a little bit about it via Randy Drisgill’s post Problems with IE8 Standards Mode, SharePoint Menus, and DocTypes. The solution here made use of the EditModePanel as well and went something along the lines of:

<PublishingWebControls:EditModePanel runat="server" PageDisplayMode="Display">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
<PublishingWebControls:EditModePanel runat="server" PageDisplayMode="Edit">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=EmulateIE7" />